High Priority Sectors

TEXTILE SECTOR (वस्त्र क्षेत्र)

The textile sector plays a key role in the Indian economy by way of significant contribution to GDP, manufacturing output, employment generation, and export earnings. The sector contributes 14% to industrial production, 4% to India‘s GDP and constitutes 13% of the country‘s export earnings. The textile sector is one of the largest source of employment generators in India; it employs over 4.5 crore people, directly.

Bihar has ample potential to house textile units and other value chain activities. Silk is the focus product in Bihar, for textile units. Bihar has been famous for the production of silk. Bhagalpur district of Bihar has been a centre of silk fabric manufacturing. Tassar silk of Bhagalpur is an exclusive product of Bihar which has the potential to fetch premium prices. Bihar had produced around 60 tonnes silk during 2014-15.

Jute is another fibre product produced in the state. Bihar produced around 1420 thousand tonnes of jute in 2014-15. A jute park is being establishing in Maranga, Purnea with an investment of INR 42.36 crore, by registered SPV M/s Punrasar Jute Park Ltd. Under PPP mode, the State Government has provided 44.30 acres land as equity and INR 2 crore as a grant. In the jute park, at present, two units M/s Tirupati Commodities Private Ltd. & M/s Punrasar Jute Park Training Centre have been established and are functional. They are producing jute yarn, jute twin, jute cloths and other jute products.

There are 14,000 power-looms in Bihar concentrated mainly in Bhagalpur, Gaya, and Banka districts. Their main products are staple chadar/bed sheets, furnishing clothes, etc. There is a training centre at Nathnagar (Bhagalpur), run by the Ministry of Textiles, where 120 power-loom weavers are trained each year.

Textile industry is a highly labour-intensive industry. Bihar is home of around one lakh weavers for whom manufacturing and dealing with fabric and garment is their livelihood. The presence of weavers‘ community is, therefore, an important asset base in terms of availability of skilled and semi-skilled workers for textile units. Apart from the regular weaver community, a large number of youths (especially, the female youth) in the state can be employed in the textile manufacturing units which can offer conducive employment opportunities such as sewing, stitching, cutting, and other tailoring requirements.


LEATHER SECTOR (चमड़ा क्षेत्र)

Leather sector has a massive potential for employment, output growth and export. In India, the sector is one of the top foreign exchange earners. Bihar has a huge potential for investment in the leather sector. On account of large raw material base (in terms of hides and skins produced in the state), plenty of cheap as well as skilled and semi-skilled labour, and a huge domestic market for consumption, it offers both comparative and competitive advantage to a prospective investor in this sector.

The leather industry mainly includes units that are involved in production of finished or semi-finished leather and manufacturing of various kinds of leather goods. The state govt. has a clear focus to promote all the facilities in the value chain, from raw material processing to finished-goods manufacturing.

HARDWARE MANUFACTURING (हार्डवेयर विनिर्माण क्षेत्र)

Globally, the IT & ITeS industry, along with the hardware manufacturing sector, is the largest and fastest growing industry in the world. It is expected to reach around USD 2.4 trillion by 2020. The demand in the Indian market is poised to reach more than USD 400 billion by 2020. The importance of IT/ITeS sector is not that of a standalone sector, rather as an integral part of other industries. It has a significant penetration in to all walks of life. It has been established now that the growth in IT/ITeS sector would spur further growth in the fields of agriculture, education, healthcare, energy, telecommunication, rural development, tourism, textile, etc. The sector is yet to take off and move in the desired direction with a pace that offers potential for many entrepreneurial ventures and start up units. The availability of educated youth and cheap labour in the state pose a clear advantage to the investment in this sector, in the state. The State Government has also notified land for two IT Parks at Bihta (Patna) and Rajgir.

Bihar, fundamentally an agrarian economy, has a large agricultural and animal production base offering abundant supply of raw material to be processed for human consumption. Despite these natural advantages, the level of food processing is very low and there is scope to improve the food processing levels to meet the increasing requirements of the state‘s growing population, while at the same time offering a sustainable consumption market. Further, the rising income and changing life style in the cities as well as rural Bihar is changing the consumption demand towards processed food. Therefore, the state offers a substantial opportunity for the food processing industry and is expected to play a leading role in the industrialization drive of this state.

FOOD PROCESSING (खाद्य प्रसंस्करण)