Priority Sectors

PLASTIC AND RUBBER SECTOR (प्लास्टिक और रबर क्षेत्र)

Plastic and rubber are versatile products used for everything from packaging other products to life sustaining equipment used in hospitals. Accelerated globalization, rapid change in technology and growing consumerism have brought with it sweeping changes and abundant opportunities for plastic industry to grow domestically. A major percentage of the population in Bihar has been engaged in agriculture. Though the land is very fertile, the farmers are affected with problems of low productivity and low return on investment, primarily, due to high dependence on monsoons. Plasticulture applications have the potential to offer them the much needed solution to improve productivity and reduce dependence on monsoons and therefore, drive the demand for plastics. The increase in electricity supply has led to increase in usage of electric pumps and irrigation systems. The distribution pipes for these electric water pumps have increased the demand for plastic pipes. Beyond this, plasticulture offers various benefits like increase in the yield, reducing water losses, cleaner produce due to reduced soil contact, etc. As per industry estimates, 35-40% of the food products produced in India are wasted due to deficient infrastructure and lack of food processing capabilities. Plastic has applications in packaging which protects the longevity and quality of food. This sector also offers significant potential for growth leading to increase in demand for plastic. The State Government‘s programme to connect every household with piped water supply would require plastic pipes for distribution of water. This implies that there is potential of growth for the plastic and rubber industry in the state.

Priority sectors in the plastic and rubber sector The priority sectors for investment identified by the State Government in this sector are:

Sectors Investment Opportunities
Irrigation Products Manufacturing of ISI standards PVC/CPVC pipes, emitting pipes, drippers,emitters, valves, fittings, nozzles, UV films, plant protection nets, crates, Hoses etc.
Packaging & Food Storage Products Packing/ wrapping products for food items like tetra packs, containers, bags, etc.
Water Supply Products Manufacturing of ISI standards PVC/ CPVC pipes
Electrical Fittings PVC pipes and electrical fittings.
Automobile Products Plastic automobile parts
Medical Supplies Disposable syringes, gloves, blood storage pouches, catheters/ pipes, etc. and plastics used in medical field.
Building Construction Plastic and rubber components for building construction
Sports and leisure Manufacture of plastics and rubbers items for sports and leisure
Plastic Testing PlastictestinglaboratoriesaccreditedwithISO/IEC-17025standards

The above list of units/ enterprises is only indicative and the State Government may suitably revise the list under the priority sector from time to time.

TOURSIM (पर्यटन)

Bihar has a potential for tourism in view of its rich cultural heritage, religious and historical monuments. Bihar‘s great competitive strength from tourism point of view is its ancient and yet living civilization that gave rise to two of world‘s great religions, namely Buddhism and Jainism. Bihar has been the centre of religious activities of Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, Sikhs and Muslims. Endowed with a rich cultural and religious heritage, Bihar was a seat of power of the vast and powerful Magadh Empire. This is a land of ancient universities of Nalanda and Vikramshila, which spread knowledge far and wide through students coming from different countries of the world. The remnants of these two ancient universities, the antiques and artefacts attract tourists in huge numbers. The state has a rich tapestry of product offerings across its strengths of culture, heritage, nature, wildlife, wellness, as well as other unique products.

Some of the key products offered by the state that attract travelers are:

Tourism Segments Our Strategic Advantage
Spirituality Tourism in Bihar has traditionally thrived upon travelers visiting places of spiritual interest. Some of the identified tourism circuits focusing on this aspect are:
  1. Buddha Circuit– Bodh Gaya (Gaya), Rajgir (Nalanda), Nalanda, Vaishali, Lauriya Nandangarh (East Champaran) , Lauriya Arreraj (East Champaran), Kesaria (East Champaran) Vikramshila (Bhagalpur),Jehanabad;
  2. Sufi Circuit— Manersharif (Patna), Khankahmujibia (Patna), Mittan Ghat (Patna), Hajipur Karbala (Vaishali), Hasanpura (Nalanda), Bibi Kamal Shahib (Jehanabad), Badi Dargah (Nalanda), Chhoti Dargah (Nalanda);
  3. Jain Circuit—Vaishali, Rajgir (Nalanda), Pawapuri (Nalanda), Nathnagar (Bhagalpur), Mandar Hill (Banka), Champanagar (Bhagalpur), Kundal Gram (Nalanda), Samosaran (Nalanda) and Lachhuar (Jamui);
  4. Ramayan Circuit— Valmikinagar (West Chaparan), Pret Shila (Gaya), Ahilya Asthan (Darbhanga), Sitamarhi, Kako (Jehanabad), Sita- kund (Sitamarhi), Shingheshwar (Saharsa), Ramshila (Gaya), Buxar, Giddheshwar(Jamui);
  5. Shakti Circuit— Mundeshwari Asthan (Kaimur), Chandi Asthan (Munger), Ugratara Asthan(Mahishi, Saharsa), Aami (Saran), Thave (Gopalganj), Tarachandi Asthan (Rohtas), Bakhorapur (Bhojpur), Shyamakali (Darbhanga), Bhagwati Asthan (Nayanagar, Madhepura), Badi Patan Devi (Patna), Chhoti Patan Devi (Patna), Matsyagandha Raktkali Temple (Saharsa), Uchchait(Madhubani);
  6. Sikh Circuit— Patna Sahib (Patna city, Patna), Bal lila Sahib (Patna), Guru Teg Bahadur Gurudwara (Gaighat, Patna), Gurunanak Kund (Rajgir, Nalanda), Ara, Katihar, Gaya and Sasaram, Bhagalpur, Guru ka Bagh (Patna city, Patna), Gurudwara Pacci Sangat (Munger), Gurudwara Handi Sahib (Danapur, Patna);
  7. Gandhi Circuit—Motihari (East Champaran), Bettiah (West Champaran), Bhitiharwa Aashram (West Champaran), Vrindavan (West Champaran), Sadakat Aashram (Patna), Gandhi Sangrahalaya(Patna);
  8. Shiv Circuit- Guptadham (Kaimur), Baijudham (Gaya), Koteshwardham (Gaya), Singheshwardham (Madhepura), Kusheshwar Asthan (Darbhanga), Siddheshwar Asthan (Jehanabad), Ajgaibinath (Sultanganj, Bhagalpur), Ashok dham (Lakhisarai), Garibnath (Muzaffarpur), Mahendranath (Saran), Bramheshwarnath (Buxar);
  9. Mandar and Ang Circuit – Munger, Bhagalpur andBanka;
  10. Kanwariya Route-Sultanganj (Bhagalpur) to Banka;
Culture & Heritage
  1. Bihar has a vast array of protected monuments, world heritage sites and several other sites, like the ruins of Nalanda and Vikramshila (oldest universities in the world), which have the potential of being world heritage sites.
  2. Special heritage zones with converted heritage buildings and suitable activities can be developed, while retaining the originality of the structures
  3. Development and promotion of museums in co-ordination with ASI and other State Governmentdepartmentstopromoteourculture.The newly inaugurated―Bihar Museum‖ is an important attraction.
  4. With a view to promote handloom and handicrafts of Bihar, ―Shilp Grams‖ (Craft villages) and handicrafts markets is being promoted near tourist places.
Wellness ―Wellness Tourism” based on yoga and aqua therapy using sulphur water from hot water springs in Rajgir and Munger can be promoted. This has the potential to be Bihar‘s most unique tourism offering, with holistic healing and rejuvenation of the individual from every dimension- physical, mental, and spiritual.
Rural/ Village Art and crafts of Bihar could help develop and promote rural tourism and extend the socioeconomic benefits of tourism to rural areas. For example, villages engaged in Tehta (Jehanabad), Nepura (Nalanda), Ranti and Jitwarpur (Madhubani), Patharkatti (Gaya), Nathnagar (Bhagalpur) etc. could be targeted for development of rural tourism.
Eco and Wildlife Eco-Tourism could be promoted through integration of wildlife sanctuaries to offer a potential tourist places. Some of the identified tourist places are: Rajgir (Nalanda), Bhimbandh Sanctuary (Munger), Kaimur Sanctuary (Kaimur), Gautam Budhh Sanctuary (Gaya), Naktidham (Jamui), Gogabill Sanctuary (Bhagalpur), Kanwar lake (Begusarai), Ghora Katora Lake (Nalanda), Kakolat Waterfall (Nawada), Telhar Waterfall (Rohtas), Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (Bhagalpur) and Valmiki National Park (West Champaran).
Ganga Based
  1. The Ganga has a unique value in terms of tourism and could be leveraged by introducing a cruise along the river, connecting historical sites near its banks such as Patna, Bhagalpur,etc.
  2. Dolphin watching is another unique tourism product offered by the state that could be furtherstrengthened.
Adventure Water sports such as river rafting, para sailing, etc. could be developed to create more economic opportunities.
Fairs &Festivals Bihar has unique events, fairs and festivals like Sonepur fair, Chath festival, Saurat Sabha, Rajgir festival and Boudh festival, all of which have the potential to attract domestic as well as international tourists, upon development of adequate facilities.
Cinematic Film shootings at tourist destinations in Bihar should be further encouraged through single-window clearances along with necessary incentives, as provided for under the relevant government notifications.
Cuisine Based
  1. The gourmet trails of Bihar can be promoted to showcase the rich culinary heritage of thestate.
  2. The unique cuisines of the state, like khaja, lai, belgrami, tilkut, litti-chokha, sattu, makhana preparations etc. have the potential to generate economic opportunitiesupon being promoted through organisation of food festivals.

These identified products and circuits, at present, stand largely as green fields for various kinds of infrastructural and service related investments. Apart from these identified circuits there are many other geographical areas of the state which can be developed as future destinations from tourism point of view. Looking at the existing and prospective investment potential, and future growth opportunity along with the capacity to generate large number of employments in various sub-sectors of the tourism industry, the State Government has considered it as one of the thrust areas for the purpose of promotions and facilitations under its investment promotion policy. The policy, therefore, has made provisions to facilitate and incentivize private investment in the sector.

Priority sectors in the tourism sector
The priority sectors of investment in the tourism sector value chain are as follows:

Sectors Investment Opportunities
  1. Taxi operators at touristplaces
  2. Cab aggregators/ radio taxies at touristplaces
  3. Luxury coaches & cars plying on touristcircuits
  4. Air taxies and helicopter services for the touristcircuits
  5. Special tourist trains, boats, steamers,etc.
  1. Hotels, motels, resorts, guest houses, homestays, etc. within 10 km radius of the identified touristcircuits
  2. Caravans, camping facilities/ tent accommodations, heritage homes,etc.
Tours & Travels Travel agencies, tour operators, tourist taxies, etc. at tourist places
MICE facilities Meeting hubs, convention centres, exhibition centres, event organizers, etc. at the tourist places.
HRD Institutions Hotel management institutes, food craft institutes, travel & trade institutes, manpower training centres, tourist guide training centres, management institutes providing tourism sector related education and trainings, etc.
Souvenir shops Handicraft shops, souvenir shops, ethnic boutiques, traditional jewellery shops etc. at tourist places
Wayside amenity (On the National Highways and State Highways) Wayside amenity centres, wayside restaurants, snack bars, dhabas, pay-and-use toilets, utility shops, parking areas and shops of handloom and handicraft items produced in the state at tourist places.
Wellness centers Ayurveda centres, wellness spas, treatment centres, yoga university, etc. at tourist places
River Attraction Cruise, floating restaurant, floating cottages, water sports (like river rafting, para sailing), recreational facilities (like fishing, dolphin watching)etc.
Entertainment Amusement parks, water parks, theme parks, craft village, ropeway, science center, museum, planetarium, etc. at tourist places
Cinematic Film city


  1. Tourist places under this policy shall mean the places (districts or blocks or villages) mentioned in the abovetablethatliststhevarious―Tourismsegments‖and―Ourstrategicadvantage‖.

  2. Any units (mentioned above) under the tourism sector located in the metropolitan area of Patna shall be excluded from the priority sector related benefits.

  3. The above list of units/ enterprises is only indicative and the State Government may suitably revise the list under the priority sector from time totime.

HEALTHCARE (स्वास्थ्य देखभाल )

Bihar is the third most populous state in India, with a population density of 1,106 persons per sq. km. The major health & demographic indicators of the state, like the infant mortality rate (42), maternal mortality rate (219), total fertility rate (3.5), etc. are much higher than the all India levels and presents an enormous opportunity to the investors to play a major role in improving these indicators. The public health facilities in Bihar are already overburdened and are in the process of being strengthened in terms of infrastructure and essential health requirements like manpower, equipment, drugs and consumables. Hence, these facilities are not adequate to cater to the health care requirements of the population, at present.

Besides, there are very few private hospitals in the state; most of the organised private healthcare infrastructure is confined to the capital town, Patna. Patients seeking secondary & tertiary healthcare services have to go to Patna or move to other states for treatment. Also, most of the healthcare needs of the state are being provided by the nursing homes, run mostly by individual private practitioners, which mostly cater to the general healthcare needs of individuals. Very few of these provide speciality services. Therefore, there is a great need and substantial opportunity for private sector interventions in healthcare industry of the state.

An overview of the healthcare related infrastructure requirement and gaps is presented in the table given below:

Particulars Required In position(Functional) Shortfall
Medical colleges and hospitals 40 9 31
District hospitals 38 36 2
Sub-divisional hospitals 212 44 168
Referral hospitals 70 57 13
Community health centres 838 0 838
Primary health centres 3,314 533 2,781
Additional primary health centres 2,787 1,350 1,437
Health sub centres 20,997 9,729 11,268

Priority sectors in the healthcare sector
To reinforce the State Government‘s vision to improve accessibility to affordable, quality healthcare services and promote medical tourism in the state, the following components have been identified as prioritysectors:

Areas Investment Opportunities
In-patient Health Care Facilities Specialty hospitals, super-specialty hospitals, multi- specialty hospitals, ultra- modern trauma centres
Emergency Medical Services Mobile medical units, blood banks
HRD/Skill Development Services HRD/ skill development centres (hospital services, bio-medical equipment maintenance etc.)
Manufacturing Units Medicines
Manufacturing Units- Equipment & Supplies
  1. Medical equipment like patient monitors, anaesthesia machine, surgical microscope, electro-surgical equipmentetc.
  2. Service equipment like blood collection tubes, gloves, catheter, urology disposable products, mouth piece for endoscopes,etc.
Hospital Waste Management services Bio-medical waste management units
Educational Institutes Grade A Nursing Colleges

The above list of units/ enterprises is only indicative and the State Government may suitably revise the list under the priority sector from time to time.

RENEWABLE ENERGY SECTOR (अक्षय ऊर्जा क्षेत्र)

Bihar, with approximate peak deficit of 669 MW of electricity4is significantly dependent on the power supplied by the central generation stations as of now. Currently, the state is majorly dependent upon the conventional sources for electricity generation. The deficit of electricity poses an enormous constraint for all future development including industries. The per capita electricity consumption of the State is approx.203 kWH5, which is still below the national average and the demand will be much higher in the foreseeable future. The state realizes the importance of electricity on the overall economic growth and has initiated steps to address this gap by implementing large power projects which are primarily based on conventional sources, and are in various stages of implementation. These large power projects have long gestation period, while the demand continues to rise; therefore, the state has a unique opportunity to meet this requirement through rapid deployment of modular RE system. Bihar has RE potential of more than 12.559 GW (solar: 11.2 GW, biomass gasifier/ co-generation: 619 MW, bagasse co-generation: 300 MW, wind power: 144 MW, waste to energy: 73 MW etc.)6 which is yet to be harnessed. Further, there is a potential consumption market for solar off-grid applications such as SPV pumps, solar water heaters, solar street lights, etc. This presents an enormous opportunity to the industries, for setting up units for RE modular product manufacturing, RE projects, etc.

Priority sectors in the renewable energy sector
The following kinds of facilities/ units would be considered under the priority sector:

Sectors Investment Opportunities
Solar Power Solar photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Power Generation, Solar Hybrid Systems and Solar applications in Domestic and Industrial Sector.
Bio-mass Biomass and Biogas projects, Biomass Hybrid Systems and biomass applications in Domestic and Industrial Sector.
Hydel Power SmallHydropowerprojects(upto25MW)
  1. Co-generation in sugar and other industries, Waste to Energy projects including municipal solid waste, industrial waste etc. based energy projects, Wind powerprojects,
  2. RE modular productmanufacturing

The above list of units/ enterprises is only indicative and the State Government may suitably revise the list under the priority sector from time to time.

small machine manufacture (छोटी मशीन निर्माण)

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Bihar. However, high cost of agricultural practices and low productivity of crops has been an issue. The relationship between agricultural output and input, as compared to many other states of the country/ world and their averages, has been problematic. Among others, provision of irrigation facilities, use of high yielding variety of seeds, use of pesticides and insecticides, use of fertilizers and better techniques of farming, use of modern agricultural machinery and implements, etc. play a vital role in increasing the productivity of agriculture. Thus optimal level of mechanization is an imperative for ushering in the regime of low-cost agriculture in Bihar.

In the recent past, the modern agriculture implements have registered a sharp increase in their presence in the fields of Bihar. The State Government has been providing incentives -- over and above the incentive provided under the centrally sponsored schemes -- for power tillers, tractors, sprayers, winnowing machines, power weeders and power threshers. The focus is on zero tillage machines which are more suitable for farmers with small and marginal land holdings. Because of easy availability of incentive and progressive outlook of the farmers, use of latest equipment is now becoming common in the state. The increase in electrification has led to increase in usage of electrical pumps and electricity based farm equipment. The agricultural implements market in the state is now witnessing a high growth which is poised to further growth in the time to come. Looking at this growing domestic consumption market and the lack of investment in this sector in the state till date, Government of Bihar has categorized the small machine manufacturing sector related to agriculture as one of the priority sectors in the industrial investment promotion policy.

Priority sectors in the small machine manufacturing sector
The priority sectors of investment in the value chain of the small machine manufacturing are as follows:

Sectors Investment Opportunities
Land/ Seed bed preparation Tractors, power tillers, levelers, ploughs, harrow, rotavator, cultivator, ridger, dozers, scrapers
Seeding/ planting/ sowing Drill, seeders, planters, dibblers, trans-planters, seed cum fertilizer drills, zero tillage machines
Spraying and dusting Equipment Weeders, conoweeders, tillers, sprayers, dusters, mist blowers
Harvesting Harvesters/ combine harvesters, threshers, potato diggers, reapers, sheller,sickles/ straw reapers,
Post-harvest Equipment Seed extractors, de-huskers, hullers/ de-hullers, cleaners, graders, dryers, winnowers, trailors, grain bins
Irrigation Diesel pumps, electric pump-sets, solarpump sets, sprinklers,drip irrigation equipment, HDPE irrigation pipes, etc.
Small machines and components Ancillary units for automobiles and automobiles components, diesel and electric locomotives related ancillary units, cycle manufacturing
General/ Business Development Services Research & development facility, quality control laboratory/ testing laboratory, design studio/ prototyping facility, training centre/ incubation centre/skill development centre


  1. The above list of units/ enterprises is only indicative and the State Government may suitably revise the list under the priority sector from time totime.
  2. Units manufacturing parts/ components that are directly used in other small machines would also be considered under prioritysector.


Bihar, at present, has 13 universities along with 262 government colleges and 231 local body colleges affiliated to the State Government However, the number of institutes for technical education are limited and there are only 10 colleges for engineering and technical education. Because of lack of institutes of higher education and learning in Bihar, thousands of students migrate from the state to other states like Delhi, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Rajasthan to pursue their college and university education. This leads to missed opportunities for the state as a hub for higher education. As many as 25 districts out of 38 in Bihar are educationally backward.

Govt. of India has pegged the target for GER at 30% for higher education, by 2017. This would drive massive investments in the sector. At present, Bihar has a GER of 13%. According to an estimate, the state needs 373 general colleges (arts, science and commerce), 236 engineering colleges, 139 medical colleges, 253 education colleges and 163 polytechnics to attain the national levels of enrolment in higher education. It is, therefore, obvious that there is potential for newer institutes of higher learning in the state. Despite the high poverty levels in Bihar, most of the families, even in rural areas, send their children outside of Bihar for higher education and bear the additional financial burden of outstation travel and accommodation. Hence, if more institutes come up in the state, there would be enough demand for them to flourish. The education sector would also help in employment generation in the state as most of the higher education institutes would result in establishment of 19 educational townships with facilitation of daily needs of its residents. Hence, there would be creation of many opportunities for small business owners and young entrepreneurs.

Priority sectors in the technical education sector
In the technical education sector, the following facilities/ units would be considered under the priority sector:

Sectors Investment Opportunities
Technical Education Engineering colleges and polytechnic institutes (registered under the AICTE Act)
Skill Development Technical skill development centres imparting training with high end equipment and empanelled by BSDM or Department ofIndustries,